The **Indian Mathematical Society** was founded on 4 April 1907 by V Ramaswami Aiyar with twenty Foundation Members and with its head-quarters at Pune.

On 16 May 1907, V Ramaswami Aiyar wrote to the *Mathematical Gazette* as follows [

A full account of V Ramaswami Aiyar founding of the Society is given in his presidential address of 1926, extracts of which are given at THIS LINK.It may perhaps interest you to know that I have formed a Mathematical Society here. It started with twenty members, and twenty-three more have up to date proposed to join. I shall not be surprised if our membership at the end of the year be something like75. The annual subscription is25rupees(£1.13s.4d.). Our object just now is to have a central library from which to obtain Mathematical journals and books, for opportunities of seeing which those interested in Mathematics in India have very few facilities. I have already written for about30to40journals - English, American, French, and German. At present it is a mere book and journal club, but when the membership is sufficiently advanced we may possibly be able to start an elementary Mathematical Journal. If the Society succeeds its success will in no small measure be due to the 'Mathematical Gazette', which is the chief source of mathematical enlightenment in India. Tantalising reviews appear in the 'Gazette', but the individual has not the means of getting the text-books. We are ambitious of getting all the best books and journals and placing them within the reach of every member. At the same time we hope that Indian students my receive such a stimulus as will elicit capacity for research in the years to come.

Initially the Society started its activities under the name 'Analytic Club', being referred to under that name on 3 April 1907, but it was changed to the 'Indian Mathematical Club' at the time when its founding was announced on 4 April 1907. B Hanumantha Rao was the first President of the Society, serving in that role from 1907 to 1912 and seeing it through its initial stages. In 1910, when the revised rules and constitution were adopted, the Society acquired its present name, the 'Indian Mathematical Society'. Right from the beginning, they published 'Progress Reports', the first in September 1907, which became a journal, known as the "Journal of the Indian Mathematical Club" for the 1907 and 1908 volumes, but changed to "Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society" from the 1909 volume onwards. M T Naraniengar edited the 'Progress Reports' and continued when they became the *Journal*. He continued in this role until 1927.

The Society aims at promoting the 'Cause of Mathematics' at all levels. Its central activity is to inspire and encourage researchers, educationists, students and all people who love mathematics.

The first conference of the Society was held at Madras in 1916. The second conference was held at Bombay in 1919, the third in Lahore in 1921 and the fourth in Pune in 1924. From that time on, a conference was held every two or three years until 1951 when it was decided to hold the conferences annually. The Twenty Fifth conference of the Society, which was held at Allahabad in 1951, was inaugurated by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime minister of India. In more recent times Memorial Award Lectures have been delivered at the annual conferences of the Society. These are:

- The P L Bhatnagar Memorial Award Lecture (instituted in 1987).
- The Srinivasa Ramanujan Memorial Award Lecture (instituted in 1990).
- The V Ramaswamy Aiyer Memorial Award Lecture (instituted in 1990).
- The Hansaraj Gupta Memorial Award Lecture (instituted in 1990).
- The Ganesh Prasad Memorial Award Lecture (instituted in 1993 and delivered every alternate year).

The *Mathematics Student* continues publication of the following material:

(i) the texts (written in a way accessible to students) of the Presidential Addresses, the Plenary talks and the Award Lectures delivered at the Annual Conferences,

The centenary celebrations were held at Pune in December 2007, coinciding with the 73rd Annual Conference of the Society.
(ii) general survey articles, popular articles, expository papers, Book-Reviews of selected Books,

(iii) problems and solutions of the problems,

(iv) clever proofs of theorems that graduate/undergraduate students might see in their course work,

(v) research papers of interest to larger readership, and

(vi) articles that arouse curiosity and interest for learning mathematics among readers and motivate them for doing mathematics, etc.

The Indian Mathematical Society awards a number of prizes:

- The A Narasinga Rao Memorial Prize, awarded to the author of the best research paper published in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society or The Mathematics Student.
- The P L Bhatnagar Memorial Prize, awarded annually to the top scorer(s) of the Indian team at the International Mathematical Olympiad.
- Various prizes for the "Paper Presentation Competition" in the annual conference are awarded to young mathematicians. These awards are made in a number of different areas of mathematics.

Below is a complete list of the presidents of the Society.

List of References (2 books/articles)
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JOC/EFR February 2018 |
School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews, Scotland | |

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