References for William Whewell

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  1. Biography by R Yeo, in Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004).
  2. Robert E Butts, Biography of William Whewell in Dictionary of Scientific Biography 14 (New York 1970-1990), 292-295.
  3. Michael S Reidy and Malcolm R Forster, William Whewell, in Thomas Hockey (ed.) Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (2007), 1210-1211.
  4. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. A D D Craik, Mr Hopkins' Men: Cambridge Reform and British Mathematics in the 19th Century (Cambridge 2007)
  2. M Fisch, William Whewell, Philosopher of Science (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991)
  3. M Fisch and S Schaffer (eds.), William Whewell : A Composite Portrait (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991).
  4. Laura J Snyder, William Whewell, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5. R Yeo, Defining Science : William Whewell, Natural Knowledge, and Public Debate in Early Victorian Britain (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993).
  6. R Yeo (ed.), Collected Works of William Whewell, 16 vols. (Thoemmes Press, 2001).


  1. H W Becher, William Whewell and Cambridge Mathematics, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 11 (1980-81), 1-48.
  2. H W Becher, Voluntary Science in Nineteenth-Century Cambridge University to the 1850s, British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1986), 57-87.
  3. J H Brooke, Natural Theology and the Plurality of Worlds: Observations on the Brewster-Whewell Debate, Annals of Science 34 (1977), 221-286.
  4. R Butts, Necessary Truth in Whewell's Theory of Science, American Philosophical Quarterly 2 (1965), 161-181.
  5. W F Cannon, William Whewell, F.R.S. (1794-1866), Contributions to Science and Learning, Notes and Records of the Royal Society 19 (1964), 176-191.
  6. M Fisch, Necessary and Contingent Truth in William Whewell's Antithetical Theory of Knowledge, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 16 (1985), 275-314.
  7. M Fisch, Whewell's Consilience of Inductions: An Evaluation, Philosophy of Science 52 (1985), 239-255.
  8. J Losee, Whewell and Mill on the Relation between Science and Philosophy of Science, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 14 (1983), 113-126.
  9. M Morrison, Unification, Realism and Inference, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (1990), 305-332.
  10. M Morrison, Whewell on the Ultimate Problem of Philosophy, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 28 (1997), 417-437.
  11. M Ruse, The Scientific Methodology of William Whewell, Centaurus 20 (1976), 227-257.
  12. L J Snyder, It's All Necessarily So : William Whewell on Scientific Truth, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 25 (1994), 785-807.
  13. L J Snyder, Renovating the Novum Organum: Bacon, Whewell and Induction, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 30 (1999), 531-557.
  14. L Stephen, Whewell, William (1794-1866), master of Trinity College, Cambridge, Dictionary of National Biography (London, 1899).
  15. E W Strong, William Whewell and John Stuart Mill: Their Controversy over Scientific Knowledge, Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1955), 209-31.
  16. R Yeo, William Whewell, Natural Theology and the Philosophy of Science in mid-19th century Britain, Annals of Science 36 (1979), 493-512.

JOC/EFR July 2008

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