References for Thomas Carlyle

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  1. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica., in Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004).


  1. I Campbell, Thomas Carlyle (Saltire Society, 1974).
  2. W H Dunn, Froude and Carlyle : a Study of the Froude-Carlyle Controversy (New York, 1930)
  3. J A Froude, Thomas Carlyle: A History of the First Forty Years of Life, 1795-1835 (Longmans, 1882, reprinted 1970).
  4. J A Froude, Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London, 1834-1881 (Longmans, 1890, reprinted 1969).
  5. S Heffer, Moral Desperado: A Life of Thomas Carlyle (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1995).
  6. T Holme, The Carlyles at Home (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1979).
  7. F Kaplan, Thomas Carlyle (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1983).
  8. C R Sanders, K J Fielding and C de L Ryals, The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle (25 vols.) (Duke University Press, Durham DC, 1970).


  1. A D D Craik, Geometry versus analysis in early 19th-century Scotland : John Leslie, William Wallace, and Thomas Carlyle, Historia Math. 27 (2) (2000), 133-163.
  2. W Johnson. Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) - Early attracted to proportion and geometry, Internat. J. Impact Eng. 21 (1998), 327-330.
  3. C Moore, Carlyle, mathematics and 'Mathesis', in K J Fielding and R L Tarr (eds.), Carlyle past and present (Vision Press, New York, 1976), 61-95.
  4. P A Wursthorn, The position of Thomas Carlyle in the history of mathematics, The Mathematics teacher (December 1966), 755-770.

JOC/EFR February 2005

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