References for Carl Jacobi

  1. C J Scriba, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. K Biermann, Jacobi, in H Wussing and W Arnold, Biographien bedeutender Mathematiker (Berlin, 1983).
  2. E Knobloch, B Mai (trs.) and H Pieper (ed.), Korrespondenz Adrien-Marie Legendre-Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi (Stuttgart, 1998).
  3. H Pieper (ed.), Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und C G Jacob Jacobi (Berlin, 1987).


  1. K-R Biermann, Eine unveröffentlichte Jugendarbeit C G J Jacobis über wiederholte Funktionen, J. Reine Angew. Math. 207 (1961), 96-112.
  2. K-R Biermann, Der Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und C G J Jacobi über die Entdeckung des Neptun, NTM Schr. Geschichte Naturwiss. Tech. Medizin 6 (1) (1969), 61-67.
  3. S S Demidov, On the history of the theory of first-order partial differential equations : C G J Jacobi's 'first method' (Russian), Istor.-Mat. Issled. 26 (1982), 137-153.
  4. P G Lejeune Dirichlet, Gedächtnissrede auf Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, in Nachrufe auf Berliner Mathematiker des 19. Jahrhunderts (Leipzig, 1988), 6-34.
  5. B N C Fradlin, Jacobi's contribution to the development of mathematics and mechanics (on the occasion of the 175th anniversary of his birth) (Russian), in Mathematics : Questions concerning methods, history and methodology (Tula, 1983), 114-119.
  6. C G Fraser, Jacobi's result (1837) in the calculus of variations and its reformulation by Otto Hesse (1857) : A study in the changing interpretation of mathematical theorems, in History of mathematics and education : ideas and experiences (Göttingen, 1996), 149-172.
  7. T Hawkins, Jacobi and the birth of Lie's theory of groups, in S S Demidov et al. (eds), Amphora : Festschrift for Hans Wussing on the occasion of his 65th birthday (Basel- Boston- Berlin, 1992), 289-313.
  8. T Hawkins, Jacobi and the birth of Lie's theory of groups, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 42 (3) (1991), 187-278.
  9. Karl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, Bull. de l'Académie impériale des sciences de St Petersbourg 21 (1876), 267-279.
  10. J McCleary, On Jacobi's remarkable curve theorem, Historia Math. 21 (3) (1994), 377-385.
  11. M Nakane, C G J Jacobi's contribution to the construction of the Hamiltonian formalism (Japanese), J. Tsuda College No. 24 (1992), 175-186.
  12. A Natucci, Le origini della teoria delle funzioni ellittiche. (Nel I° centenario della morte di Carlo Gustavo Jacobi 18 febbraio 1851, Atti Accad. Ligure 9 (1952), 40-54.
  13. H Pieper, Abel und Jacobi gehören in der Geschichte der Mathematik zusammen wie Leibniz und Newton, Mitt. Math. Ges. DDR 2-3 (1980), 133-144.
  14. H Pieper, Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, in Mathematics in Berlin (Berlin, 1998), 41-48.
  15. H U Pieper, C G J Jacobis über den Mathematiker E E Kummer, NTM Schr. Geschichte Natur. Tech. Medizin 25 (1) (1988), 23-36.
  16. H Pulte, Jacobi's criticism of Lagrange : the changing role of mathematics in the foundations of classical mechanics, Historia Math. 25 (2) (1998), 154-184.
  17. H Pulte, After 150 years: news from Jacobi about Lagrange's analytical mechanics, Math. Intelligencer 19 (3) (1997), 48-54.
  18. M N Saltykow, L'Oeuvre de Jacobi dans le domaine des équations aux dérivées partielles du premier ordre, Bull. Sci. Math. 63 (1939), 213-228.
  19. D Stander, Makers of modern mathematics : Carl Gustave Jacob Jacobi, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 24 (1-2) (1988), 27-28.

January 2000

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